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What is an Energy Performance Certificate?

An Energy Performance Certificate measures the energy efficiency of a building. Alongside an overall rating, it will show the household’s estimated energy costs for lighting, heating, and hot water for the next three years. As well as detailing the property’s current rating, it will provide a potential score which could be achieved if the recommendations for improved energy efficiency are installed.

First introduction

EPCs were first introduced in 2007 and became a legal requirement in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland in 2008, and in Scotland from 2009. The aim was to encourage homeowners and landlords to adopt energy-saving measures. They have helped people to become more aware of the benefits of energy efficiency and improved transparency about the running costs of properties. There are two types of EPCs: domestic and commercial. If you are buying or renting a residential property, you will require a domestic EPC. Commercial properties may also require an EPC, depending on their size and what they are used for.